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United Nations Organization
The United Nations Organization (UNO) was established on October 24, 1945 after the World War II. The San Fransisco Conference was held on January 26, 1945 in which 51 countries participated. The United Nations Charter was prepared at the conference.
Purpose of UNO
Article 1 of the United Nations Charter explains the purpose for the establishment of UNO as follows:
- International Peace and Security
- Fostering friendly relationship between member countries
- International co-operation in solving international problems
- As a Center for harmonizing the above acts
Principles of UNO
Article 2 of the United Nations Charter explains the principles on which the UNO functions:
- Equality: No differential treatment for member countries big and small. All have equal voting rights.
- Benefits: All members can enjoy rights and benefits resulting from membership in good faith.
- Settlement of disputes: All members should settle their disputes in peaceful means and that security and justice are not endangered.
- Non-intervention: UN gives assistance to members as per provisions of the charter. It refrains from giving assistance to any State against which it is taking a preventive or enforcement action.
- Non-members: UN works towards making non-members to follow the principles for the maintenance of international peace and security.
- Domestic Jurisdiction: UN does not intervene in the domestic affairs of the State.
Organs of the United Nations Organization are:
- General Assembly
- Security Council
- International Court of Justice
- Economic and Social Council
- Trusteeship Council
Agencies of UNO
- World Health Organization
- World Trade Organization (WTO)