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The term Law has various definitions. Many lawmakers and scholars have defined Law in various ways. So, as such, there is no single definition on what law means. In its simplest form, "Law is a system of rules which are enforced through a set of institutions".
Check the various Definitions of Law.
In the words of W.S. Gilbert,
The Law is the true embodiment, Of everything that's excellent, It has no kind of fault or flaw, And I, my Lords, embody the Law.
The Theory of Law is a part of Jurisprudence. It involves the study of various theories of law such as the Austinian Theory of Law, Salmond's Definition of Law, Kelsen's Pure Theory of Law and comments by various jurists. It also involves a special study on theories related to the Constitutional International Law, Personal and territorial law and the special law.
Divisions of Law
Broadly speaking, State Law is divided into two types:
- Public Law: The Law that governs the State and the relationship between the individual and the state.
- Private Law: The Law the deals with the relationship between individuals.
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Law
- Pugh v Heath, (1882) 7 App Cas 235 (237): The net effect of Judicature Acts is "not to create two courts - a court of law and equity"
- Walsh v Lonsdale, (1882) 21 Ch D 9 (14): In regard to Judicature Acts, it is now one Court which is a court of complete jurisdiction, legal and equitable, and in case of any possible conflict, the rules of equity will prevail in it.