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Two Freedoms Agreement

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HomeBrud.gifInternational LawBrud.gifTwo Freedoms Agreement

The Chicago International Air Services Transit Agreement, 1944 is called the Two Freedoms Agreement. According to this agreement, each contracting State must grand the other States, two freedoms:

  • The privilege of flying across its territory without landing and
  • The privilege of landing for non-traffic purpose (fuel refilling, maintenance, emergency etc.)

This agreement is for air services. A border Five Freedoms Agreement is applied for air transport. Both these agreements are signed as part of the Chicago Convention, 1944. The Two Freedoms and Five Freedoms are actually supplementary agreements signed as the primary ones have failed after members failed to reach consensus.