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Theory of Justice according to Jurisprudence
The Study of the Theory of Justice is a part of Jurisprudence.
The concept of justice is based upon and is equated with moral rightness (ethics), rationality, law, natural law, fairness, righteousness, equality, goodness, and equity.
What constitutes justice vary from society to society, person to person, from time to time and from place to place. It has thus been subject to various philosophical, legal, and theological reflections and debate.
Justice is of two types - Natural or Moral Justice and Legal Justice
Natural or Moral Justice is revealed by the divine reason implanted in the human mind. All human beings endeavor towards conforming it.
When the State finds that certain portions of natural justice cannot be left for the good sense of each individual, it formulates legal rules that become obligatory to the subjects to conform to it.
Natural or Moral Justice is the ideal justice. Legal Justice is an approximation to it.
Courts generally deal in accordance to the legal justice of justice according to law.
Administration of Justice is a function of the State. Law is the instrument of justice.