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A Statute is an Act of Legislature. Courts follow various interpretation methods while deciding on disputes when Statute appear to be ambiguous or contested.
Parts of Statute
A Statute has one or more of the following parts:
- Short Title
- Long Title
- Interpretation clause
- Headings of chapters
- Marginal notes
- Savings clause
- Non-obstante clause
- Schedules etc
- Statutes must be read as a whole. Courts read the entire statute to understand the intent and meaning of the statute. Every part of the statute is important in interpretation.
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Law
- Bangalore University v St John's Medical College, AIR 1980 Karnataka 42: Mere publication of the statute is not enough. The statute should mention the date from which it has to come into force
- Namit Sharma Vs Union of India
- Yeswant v Walchand, (1950) SCR 852 (868): The Supreme Court held that, "Rules of equity have no application where there are definite statutory provisions specifying the grounds on the basis alone the stoppage or suspension of running of time can arise. While the Courts are necessarily astute in checkmating fraud, it should be equally borne in mind that statutes of limitation are statutes of repose".