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Section 1 of Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996

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Section 1 of Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996 deals with 'Short title. extent and commencement'.

From the Act

(1) This Act may be called the Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996.

(2) It extends to the whole of India:

Provided that Parts I, III and IV shall extend to the State of Jammu and Kashmir only in so far as they relate to international commercial arbitration or, as the case may be, international commercial conciliation.


In this sub-section, the expression 'international commercial conciliation" shall have the same meaning as the expression "international commercial arbitration" in clause (f) of sub-section

(1) of section 2, subject to the modification that for the word 'arbitration" occurring therein, the word "conciliation" shall be substituted.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Laws

  • M/s Sundaram Finance Ltd vs M/s NEPC India Ltd, AIR 1999 SC 565: In order to help in constructing the provisions in the Act, it is relevant to refer to UNCITRAL Model Law rather than the 1940 Act.
  • Bihta Cooperation Development Cane Marketing Union Ltd. & others vs The State of Bihar & Others 1967 (3) SCR 848:AIR 1967 SC 389: Supreme Court held that the explanation must be read so as to harmonize with and clear up any ambiguity in the main provision.
  • Bengal Immunity Company vs State of Bihar AIR 1955 SC 661: Explanation is part of the section to which it is appended and that they have to be read together in order to understand the substantial meaning.

See Also