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President of India



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Article 52 of the Constitution of India defines that there shall be a President of India. The President is the Executive head of the State.

Since India follows the Parliamentary form of Government, the President of India is the nominal head while the real power is vested in the Council of Ministers. The President exercises his powers directly or indirectly through the Council of Ministers (Art. 53). The Council of Ministers is headed by Prime Minister.

Qualifications

The qualifications for being elected the President of India are defined in Article 58 of the Indian Constitution.

  1. He must be a citizen of India.
  2. He must have completed 35 years of age.
  3. He must be qualified for election as the member of House of the People (Lok Sabha)
  4. He must not hold any source of profit under the Government of India, or the Government of any State or under any local or other authority subject which is under the control of the Government.

The President cannot be a member of either houses of the Parliament or of a house of legislature in any state. When elected, the President should vacate his house on the date on which he enters upon his office as President.

Salary and Emoluments

The President of India draws a salary of Rs. 50,000 per month. He is entitled to a pension of Rs. 3,00,00 per year. The President of India is also permitted to spend Rs. 15,26,000 towards entertainment, travel, discretionary grants, staff, household expenses and other allowances. He shall live at his official residence free of rent.

The President's emolument and pension (Amendment) Act, 1998 has increased the President's monhly emolument from Rs. 20,000 to 50,000 and his annual pension from 1.2 lakhs to 3 lakhs.

Re-election

Article 57 says that the President of India can be re-elected.

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