Legal System of Indonesia
Constitution of Indonesia
The 1945 Constitution is the highest legal authority in Indonesia, of which executive, legislative and judicial branches of government must defer to it. The constitution was written in July and August 1945, when Indonesia was emerging from Japanese control at the end of World War II.
Official hierarchy of Indonesia legislation
The official hierarchy of Indonesia legislation is as follows:
- 1945 Constitution (Undang-Undang Dasar 1945 or UUD'45)
- Law (Undang-Undang or UU)and Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Peraturan Pemerintah Pengganti Undang-Undang or Perpu)
- Government Regulation (Peraturan Pemerintah or PP)
- Presidential Regulation (Peraturan Presiden or Perpres)
- Regional Regulation (Peraturan Daerah or Perda)
Court System of Indonesia
Supreme Court of Indonesia
The Mahkamah Agung Republik Indonesia (Supreme Court of the Republic of Indonesia) is the highest court of justice in the country. It is the final court of appeal for criminal and civil verdicts. It also resolves disputes between courts.
Constitutional Court of Indonesia
The Constitutional Court rules over disputes concerning the Constitution of Indonesia as well as matters involving elections and political parties.
Other Courts in Indonesia include Public Courts, Religious Courts, Administrative Courts and Military Courts
Department of Laws and Human Rights
The Department of Laws and Human Rights has its genesis in the Department of Justice (1945-1999), the Department of Law and Legislation (1999-2001), and the Department of Justice and Human Rights (2001-2004) before it got is present name of Department of Laws and Human Rights.