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Legal System of Egypt

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Law of Egypt

The Provisional Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt or Constitutional Declaration of 2011 is the new provisional fundamental law of Egypt. It was adopted on March 30, 2011 by the Egyptian Supreme Council of the Armed Forces who have been in power since the former president Hosni Mubarak relinquished his powers to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces on February 11, 2011.

The 63-article provisional constitution was proclaimed to operate as a working constitution in the current political transitional period following the revolution, until a new one is drafted and approved. The new provisional constitution have included the most recent amendments publicly approved in a referendum, provisional articles defining the powers of the executive and judicial branches as well as institute laws to govern the presidential and parliamentarian election processes.

It has paved the way for parliamentary elections in late 2011 and presidential elections in 2012. It directly stipulated that the newly elected parliament form a new constitutional drafting committee - the Constituent Assembly of Egypt - to write a new constitution.