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Legal System of Algeria

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HomeBrud.gifLegal System of Algeria

The Constitution of Algeria was first adopted by a referendum in 1963, following the Algerian War of Independence (1954-62); originally, it was to be drafted by a constitutional assembly led by Ferhat Abbas, but this body was sidelined by Algeria's first President, Ahmed Ben Bella. In its 1963 form, the constitution declared Algeria a one-party state ruled by the former resistance movement, the National Liberation Front (FLN). This constitution was suspended by the military coup d'├ętat of 1965. After years of ruling by executive fiat as leader of the Revolutionary Command Council, Houari Boum├ędienne issued a second constitution in 1976, emphasizing the importance of socialism and - formally - restoring political institutions to their primacy over the military establishment.