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Kenya Labour Relations Act

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Chapter 234

Part I—Preliminary

  • Section 1: Short title.
  • Section 2: Application.
  • Section 3: Interpretation.

Part II—Freedom of Association

  • Section 4: Employee’s right to freedom of association.
  • Section 5: Protection of employees.
  • Section 6: Employer’s right to freedom of association.
  • Section 7: Protection of employers’ rights.
  • Section 8: Rights of trade unions, employers’ organisation and federations.
  • Section 9: Provision may not be varied by agreement.
  • Section 10: Disputes under Part.
  • Section 11: Burden of proof.

Part III—Establishment and Registration of Trade Unions and Employers’ Organisations

  • 12—Establishing a trade union or employers’ organisation.
  • 13—Application to register a trade union or employers’ organisation.
  • 14—Requirements for registering a trade union.
  • 15—Requirements for registering employers’ organisation.
  • 16—Requirements for registering federation of trade unions.
  • 17—Requirements for registering a Federation of Employers.
  • 18—Application for registration.
  • 19—Registration of trade unions, employers’ organisation or federation.
  • 20—Refusal to register trade union or employers’ organisation, or federation.
  • 21—Effect of registration.
  • 22—Objects in restraint of trade not unlawful.
  • 23—Consequences of failure to register.
  • 24—Registered office.
  • 25—Registration of branches.
  • 26—Amalgamation of trade unions, employers’ organisations or
  • federations.
  • 27—Change of name or constitution.
  • 28—Cancellation or suspension of registration.
  • 29—Notice of dissolution.
  • 30—Appeals against decision of registrar.

Part IV—Officials and Members of Trade Unions and Employers’ Organisation

  • 31—Officials.
  • 32—Membership of minors.
  • 33—Voting members of trade union.
  • 34—Election of officials.
  • 35—Notification of officials.

Part V—Property, Funds and Accounts of Trade Unions, Employers’ Organisation and Federations

  • 36—Trustees.
  • 37—Property to be vested in trustees.
  • 38—Devolution of property.
  • 39—Application of funds.
  • 40—Prohibition of payment of fines or penalties.
  • 41—Injunction to restrain misuse of funds.
  • 42—Treasurer to render accounts.
  • 43—Annual returns.
  • 44—Inspection of accounts and records.
  • 45—Obstructing inspection by Registrar.
  • 46—Power to require detailed accounts.
  • 47—Misuse of money or property of a trade union.

Part VI—Trade Union Dues, Agency Fees and Employers’Organisation Fees

  • 48—Deduction of trade union dues.
  • 49—Deduction of agency fees from unionisable employees covered
  • by collective agreements.
  • 50—General provisions applicable to deductions.
  • 51—Collection of levies other than trade union dues.
  • 52—Direct payment of trade union dues.
  • 53—Payments by members to employers’ organisations.

Part VII—Recognition of Trade Unions and Collective Agreements

  • 54—Recognition of trade union by employer.
  • 55—Election of trade union representatives.
  • 56—Trade union access to employers’ premises.
  • 57—Collective agreements.
  • 58—Alternative dispute resolution.
  • 59—Effect of collective agreements.
  • 60—Registration of collective agreement.
  • 61—Terms and conditions of service in the public sector where there is no collective bargaining.

Part VIII—Dispute Resolution

  • 62—Reporting of trade disputes to the Minister.
  • 63—Respondent may file replying statement.
  • 64—Interested party may file statement of interest.
  • 65—Minister to appoint conciliators.
  • 66—Persons appointed to conciliate.
  • 67—Conciliator’s powers to resolve dispute.
  • 68—Dispute resolved after conciliation.
  • 69—Dispute unresolved after conciliation.
  • 70—Minister may appoint conciliator in public interest.
  • 71—Committee of inquiry.
  • 72—Exercise of powers of the Minister.

Part IX—Adjudication of Disputes

  • Section 73: Referral of dispute to Industrial Court.
  • Section 74: Urgent referrals to Industrial Court.
  • Section 75: Arbitration Act not to apply.

Part X—Strikes and Lockouts

  • 76—Protected strikes and lock-outs.
  • 77—Powers of Industrial Court.
  • 78—Prohibited strikes or lock-outs.
  • 79—Strike or lock-out in compliance with this Act.
  • 80—Strike or lock-out not in compliance with this Act.
  • 81—Essential services.

Part XI—Miscellaneous Provisions

  • 82—General penalty.
  • 83—Regulations.
  • 84—Repeal of Cap. 233 and Cap. 234.
  • Schedules.

Kenyan Acts related to Industrial Law