Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000
Reasons for the Amendment
This Act was brought because:
- The earlier Act was not able to meet the needs of the present day requirements
- Need to meet the guidelines specified by the United Nations Organization and various conventions held under it
- Fix various defects in the old Act
From the Act
An Act to consolidate and amend the law relating to juveniles in conflict with law and children in need of care and protection, by providing for proper care, protection and treatment by catering to their development needs, and by adopting a child-frien ly approach in the adjudication and disposition of matters in the best interest of children and for their ultimate rehabilitation through various institutions established under this enactment.
WHEREAS the Constitution has, in several provisions, including clause (3) of article 15, clauses (e) and (f) of article 39, articles 45 and 47, impose on the State a primary responsibility of ensuring that all the needs of children are met and that their basic human rights are fully protected;
AND WHEREAS, the General Assembly of the United Nations has adopted the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the 20th November, 1989;
AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child has prescribed a set of standards to be adhered to by all State parties in securing the best interests of the child;
AND WHEREAS, the Convention on the Rights of the Child emphasises social reintegration of child victims, to the extent possible, without resorting to judicial proceedings;
AND WHEREAS, the Government of India has ratified the Convention on the 11th December, 1992.
AND WHEREAS, it is expedient to re-enact the existing law relating to juveniles bearing in mind the standards prescribed in the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Administration of Juvenile Justice, 1 85 (the Beijing Rules), the United Nations Rules for the Protection of Juveniles Deprived of their Liberty (1990), and all other relevant international instruments.
- Section 24
- June 18, 2014: Women and Child Development Ministry invites suggestions / comments on proposed Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill, 2014
- August 14, 2013: Strict Implementation of Juvenile Justice Act
- April 26, 2013: Childrens Homes
- February 27, 2013: Amendment in Juvenile Justice Act
Related Cases / Recent Cases / Case Laws
- Upendra Pradhan v State of Orissa, Criminal Appeal Jurisdiction, Criminal Appeal No. 2174 OF 2009, Supreme Court of India judgement dated April 28, 2015
- Abuzar Hossain @ Gulam Hossain Vs State of West Bengal, Criminal Appeal No. 1193 OF 2006, Supreme Court of India judgement delivered on October 8, 2012