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It is the name given to the process by which a Court (generally the High Court or above) looks into a challenge against an administrative action.
It is a claim to review the lawfulness of:
- An enactment
- A decision, action or failure to act in relation to the exercise of a public function
Judicial Review in the United States of America
There is no explicit mention of the power of the Judicial review of the Court in the Constitution of United States of America. The United States Supreme Court has explicitly established this power in 1803 in the case Marbury v Madison, 5 U.S. (1 Cranch) 137, 2 L.Ed. 60 (1803). Because of this case, the Federal and State Courts are able to exercise the power of judicial review since then.