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International Court of Justice

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The International Court of Justice (ICJ) (also called World Court) is an organ of the United Nations Organization. Its headquarters are at Hague.

  • Its decisions are often treated as an International Law.
  • Articles 92 to 96 of the United Nations Charter explain about ICJ under the head of Statute of the International Court of Justice. The Statute contains articles from 1 to 70.
  • The ICJ has its genesis in the Permanent Court of International Justice being set up by the League of Nations.
  • The ICJ has 15 members, no two of whom are from the nation.
  • The ICJ acts as a World Court.
  • ICJ has jurisdiction over two type of matters:
    • Contentious Jurisdiction: State parties submit their cases to the Court
      • Two forms: Voluntary Jurisdiction or Optional Jurisdiction
    • Advisory Jurisdiction: Gives legal advisory opinion on legal queries being submitted to it in accordance to the United Nations Charter. The Court has the right to refuse opinion if the problem conflicts with the provisos of the United Nations Charter.
      • Areas in which it gives advices include:
        • Conditions for admission of a State to the UN
        • Reparation of injuries suffered in the service of UN
        • Reservations to the convention on the Prevention and Punishment of crime of genocide
        • Competence of the General Assembly regarding the admission of a State to the UN

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