Human Rights and the Indian Constitution
- The Constitution of India begins with the phrases 'We, the people of India..' denoting it is dedicated to the people of India.
- The Preamble of Constitution of India represents the aspirations of the people of the country.
- Objectives mentioned in the Preamble are a part of the basic structure doctrine.
- Preamble, vide the phases, 'Democracy of the People, by the People and for the People', says India is a democratic country.
- Constitution termed India to be a Socialist, Secular, Democratic and Sovereign.
- Preamble says justice should be given to every citizen irrespective of poverty or richness, caste, religion, sex, power and political power.
- Article 19 of Constitution of India: Freedom of speech, though and expression is a Fundamental Right. Freedom of Press is a pillar post in democracy.
- Article 25 to Article 28 gives freedom of religion and liberty of belief, faith and worship to every citizen.
- Right to Equality is guaranteed from Articles 12 to 35.
- Article 13 prohibits the formation of any law that is inconsistent with or derogation to the fundamental rights.
- Article 23 prohibits bonded labour system
- Article 24 prohibits child labour.
- Article 29 to 30 confers the right to cultural and educational rights to minorities.
- Article 31A to 31D, 300A deals with Right to Property
- Article 32 to 35 provides constitutional remedies available to Indian citizens.