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The Gram Sabha is a form of Alternative Dispute Resolution.
It comprises of all the electors in the village. They meet twice in a year. They perform such functions at the village as provided by law or the state legislature. It is a part and parcel of Gram Panchayat.
They are popular and effective in the pre-British era but have weakened since then. Post-independence, despite a mention of them in the Constitution (under Article 243(b) and Article 243A), their role has become limited, largely because even villagers are going to police station and courts for minor disputes. Further local factors such as political influence, caste system and factionism have deteriorated the Gram Sabha system.