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Evidence is stand as proof of, to testify, something for or against, someone or something or merely giving a statement. In Law, it is a means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved.


Evidence is derived from Latin word Evidentia which means, state of being evident i.e plain, apparent clear.

Defects in Evidence

Evidence Acts in various countries suffers from defects and are often incomplete.

Evidence does not include:

  • Character of the witness
  • Questions and answers of Magistrate and the accused
  • Reports prepared by court (such as local inspection reports and memorandum) which influence the judge
  • Discretion of Jury
  • Statements and admissions of parties
  • Judge's personal knowledge and observation.

Recent Cases / Related Cases / Case Law

  • If fabrication of false evidence takes place or document is tampered with before filing in Court, provision of S.195 is not attracted. (2014(1)¬†Criminal Court Cases 207 (S.C.)¬†
  • B A Kabir v Principal, Medical College, AIR 1967 Ker 121

Related Topics

Related Legislation / Acts

Legal Systems on Evidence