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Environment Impact Assessment
Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) is
- The process by which the anticipated effects on the environment of a proposed development or project are measured. If the likely effects are unacceptable, design measures or other relevant mitigation measures can be taken to reduce or avoid those effects.
The document from this process is called an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).
Roles of EIA
EIA plays two roles:
1. Licensing Role and
2. Statutory Consultee Role
Functioning of the EIA
Planning Authorities or Local Authorities send notifications to the EPA in relation to proposed developments associated with Integrated Pollution Prevention and Control (IPPC) or Waste licensable activities.
The EPA may make submissions/observations on these notices.
Proposed developments such as road, group water schemes, wind farms and housing schemes are not licensable activities and in these circumstances the EPA should not be notified.