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In Dual Federalism, there will be a clear separation of powers between the Union (Center) and the States.
For instance, the Dual Federalism is followed in the United States where there is a 'mutually exclusive, reciprocally limiting fields of power – that of the national government and of the States'. According to Mason, 'the two authorities confront each other as equals across a precise constitutional line, defining their respective jurisdictions'.
There will be a separate set of Executive, Administration and Judiciary both at the National and State level.