Double jeopardy

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Double jeopardy is a procedural defence that forbids a defendant from being tried again on the same (or similar) charges following a legitimate acquittal or conviction.

In Canada, Mexico and the United States, it is a Constitutional Right and in most other countries it is provided by statutes.


According to the Seventh Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights, Article Four, says:

No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again in criminal proceedings under the jurisdiction of the same State for an offence for which he or she has already been finally acquitted or convicted in accordance with the law and penal procedure of that State.

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