Death penalty is considered cruel and inhuman and is hence considered against Human Rights in many countries. It is against the Right to life and Right not to be subjected to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.
International communities are working towards abolishing or minimizing the use of death sentence ever since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. The Article 3 of the Declaration granted everyone the right to life. Many countries have abolished death sentence either by law or by practice.
Later, in the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, it recommended that those countries which have not abolished death sentence should consider its use only in the most serious types of crimes.
The Second Optional Protocol that came effective July 11, 1991 gave some implementation procedures
- United States: Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996