In Cooperative Federalism, 'all holders of public office work together in order to benefit the citizens'. It is often contrasted with dual federalism.
In Cooperative Federalism, there will be involvement of interdependence in regard to a variety of co-operative intergovernmental relations. In Dual Federalism, there will be a clear separation of governmental spheres.
Germany follows Cooperative Federalism system. In this, there will be a strong interaction between three powers of Governance with the help of a joint decision system and by the notion of executive federalism.
After the World War II, Germany began its reconstruction on the basis of Länder in which the formation of a strong centralized state is prevented.