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Constitution of Bahamas



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HomeBrud.gifLegal System of BahamasBrud.gifConstitution of Bahamas

Chapter I - The Constitution

  • 1 The State.
  • 2 The Constitution is supreme law.

Chapter II - Citizenship

  • 3 Persons who become citizens on 10th July 1973.
  • 4 Persons who become citizens on 9th July 1974.
  • 5 Persons entitled to be registered as citizens.
  • 6 Persons born in The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
  • 7 Persons born in The Bahamas after 9th July 1973 of non-citizen parents.
  • 8 Persons born outside The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
  • 9 Further provisions for persons born outside The Bahamas after 9th July 1973.
  • 10 Marriage to citizens of The Bahamas.
  • 11 Deprivation of citizenship.
  • 12 Renunciation of citizenship.
  • 13 Power of Parliament.
  • 14 Interpretation.

Chapter III – Protection of Fundamental Rights and Freedom of the Individual

  • 15 Fundamental Rights and Freedoms of the Individual.
  • 16 Protection of Right to Life.
  • 17 Protection from inhumane treatment.
  • 18 Protection from slavery and forced labour.
  • 19 Protection from Arbitrary arrest and detention.
  • 20 Provisions to secure protection of law.
  • 21 Protection for privacy of home and other property.
  • 22 Protection of Freedom of Conscience.
  • 23 Protection of Freedom of Expression.
  • 24 Protection of freedom of assembly and association.
  • 25 Protection of freedom of movement.
  • 26 Protection from discrimination on grounds of race, etc.
  • 27 Protection from deprivation of property.
  • 28 Enforcement of fundamental rights.
  • 29 Provisions for time of war or emergency.
  • 30 Saving of existing law.
  • 31 Interpretation.

Chapter IV - The Governor-General

  • 32 Establishment Of Office Of Governor-General.
  • 33 Acting Governor-General.
  • 34 Deputy Governor-General.
  • 35 Personal Staff Of Governor-General.
  • 36 Public Seal.
  • 37 Oaths To Be Taken By Governor-General.

Chapter V - Parliament

  • Part 1 - Composition of Parliament
  • 38 Establishment of Parliament.
  • Part 2 - The Senate
  • 39 Composition of Senate.
  • 40 Purpose of appointment of certain Senators.
  • 41 Qualifications for appointment as Senator.
  • 42 Disqualifications for appointment as Senator.
  • 43 Tenure of office of Senators.
  • 44 President and Vice-President.
  • 45 Determination of questions as to membership.
  • Part 3 - House of Assembly
  • 46 Composition of House of Assembly.
  • 47 Qualifications for membership of House of Assembly.
  • 48 Disqualifications for election as members of House of Assembly.
  • 49 Tenure of office of members of House of Assembly.
  • 50 Speaker and Deputy Speaker.
  • 51 Determination of questions as to membership.
  • Part 4 - Powers and Procedure of Parliament
  • 52 Power to make laws.
  • 53 Privileges of Parliament.
  • 54 Alteration of this Constitution.
  • 55 Regulation of procedure in Parliament.
  • 56 Presiding in the Senate and House of Assembly.
  • 57 Quorum.
  • 58 Voting.
  • 59 Introduction of Bills, etc.
  • 60 Restriction on powers of Senate as to Money Bills.
  • 61 Restriction on powers of Senate as to Bills other than Money Bills.
  • 62 Provisions relating to Articles 59, 60 and 61.
  • 63 Assent to Bills.
  • 64 Oath of allegiance.
  • Part 5 - Summoning, Prorogation and Dissolution
  • 65 Sessions of Parliament.
  • 66 Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament.
  • 67 General elections, bye-elections and appointment of Senators.
  • Part 6 - Delimitation of Constituencies
  • 68 Constituencies.
  • 69 Constituencies Commission.
  • 70 Procedure for review of constituencies.

Chapter VI - The Executive

  • 71 Executive Authority.
  • 72 The Cabinet.
  • 73 Appointment of Ministers.
  • 74 Tenure of Office of Ministers.
  • 75 Performance of Functions of Prime Minister During Absence, Illness or Suspension.
  • 76 Temporary Ministers.
  • 77 Allocation of Portfolios to Ministers.
  • 78 Functions of Attorney-General.
  • 79 Exercise of Governor-General's Powers.
  • 80 Governor-General to be Informed Concerning Matters of Government.
  • 81 Parliamentary Secretaries.
  • 82 Leader of the Opposition.
  • 83 Certain Vacancies in Office of Leader of the Opposition.
  • 84 Oaths to be taken by Ministers, etc.
  • 85 Leave of Absence for Ministers, etc.
  • 86 Summoning of and Presiding in Cabinet.
  • 87 Quorum.
  • 88 Permanent Secretaries.
  • 89 Constitution of Offices, etc.
  • 90 Powers of Pardon, etc.
  • 91 Advisory Committee on Prerogative of Mercy.
  • 92 Functions of Advisory Committee.

Chapter VII - The Judicature

  • Part 1 - The Supreme Court
  • 93 Establishment of Supreme Court.
  • 94 Appointment of Justices of Supreme Court.
  • 95 Acting Justices.
  • 96 Tenure of Office of Justices of Supreme Court.
  • 97 Oaths to be taken by Justices of Supreme Court.
  • Part 2 - Court of Appeal
  • 98 Establishment of Court of Appeal.
  • 99 Justices of the Court of Appeal.
  • 100 Other arrangements for appeal.
  • 101 Acting Justices of Court of Appeal.
  • 102 Tenure of office of Justice of Appeal.
  • 103 Oaths to be taken by Justices of Appeal.
  • Part 3 - Appeals to Court of Appeal and Her Majesty in Council
  • 104 Appeals relating to fundamental rights and Freedoms.
  • 105 Appeals to Her Majesty in Council in other cases.
  • 106 Interpretation of "Court of Appeal".

Chapter VIII - The Public Service

  • Part 1 - The Public Service Commission
  • 107 Establishment and composition of Public Service Commission.
  • Part 2 - Appointments etc, of Public Officers
  • 108 Appointments, etc. of public officers.
  • 109 Appointments of Permanent Secretaries and certain other public officers.
  • 110 Delegation of Governor-General's powers.
  • 111 Appointments, etc. of principal representatives of The Bahamas aboard.
  • 112 Appointments on transfer in respect of certain offices.
  • 113 Appointment of Secretary to The Cabinet.
  • Part 3 - The Public Service Board of Appeal
  • 114 Public Service Board of Appeal.
  • 115 Appeals in discipline cases.
  • Part 4 - The Judicial and legal Service Commission
  • 116 Establishment and composition of the Judicial and Legal Service Commission.
  • 117 Appointments, etc. of judicial and legal officers.
  • Part 5 - The Police Service Commission
  • 118 Establishment and composition of the Police Service Commission.
  • 119 Appointments of Commissioner of Police and other officers of the Police Force.
  • 120 Removal of the Commissioner and Deputy Commissioner of Police.
  • 121 Removal and discipline of members of the Force.
  • Part 6 – Pensions
  • 122 Protection of pension rights.
  • 123 Grant and withholding of pensions, etc.
  • 124 Appeals in respect of certain decisions affecting pensions benefits.
  • Part 7 – Miscellaneous
  • 125 Procedure of Commissions.
  • 126 Removal from officer of certain persons.
  • 127 Public Service.

Chapter IX - Finance

  • 128 Consolidated Fund.
  • 129 Estimates.
  • 130 Authority for public expenditure.
  • 131 Withdrawal of money from the Consolidated Fund.
  • 132 Withdrawal of money in advance of appropriation act.
  • 133 Contingencies Fund.
  • 134 Public Debt.
  • 135 Remuneration of Governor-General and certain other officers.
  • 136 Establishment of office and functions of Auditor-General.

Chapter X - Interpretation

  • 137 Interpretation.

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