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Central Administrative Tribunal
The Central Administrative Tribunal is a Tribunal established to provide speedier justice to public servants regarding their service complaints or disputes. It was set up based on the recommendations given by the Swaran Singh Committee.
A Principal Bench was established in New Delhi and additional Benches in seven locations - Allahabad, Calcutta, Gauhati, Madras, Bombay, Nagpur and Bangalore.
- Reduce burden of Courts: The CAT reduced the burden of normal Courts from hearing cases related to public servants. The Jurisdiction of all Courts dealing with the service matters was taken away from November 1985 except the Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court under Article 136 of the constitution . Pending cases were transferred to the concerned bench of the Central Administrative Tribunal except appeals pending in High Courts which were to be dealt with by the respective High Courts.
The Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 was enacted under:
- Article 323A provides for the establishment of a tribunal on service matters
- Article 323B provides for the establishment of tribunals for other matters
- Who are included: The CAT deals with matters related to Central Government employees such as Railways, Postal, Telecom, Insurance etc.
- Topics to be dealt include recruitment and service matters in respect of officers belonging to the All India Services or of members of the civil service of the Union or holding a civil post under the Union or a civil post connected with defense or in the defense services.
- Who are not-included: The provisions of the Administrative Tribunals Act, 1985 do not, however, apply to members of paramilitary forces, armed forces of the Union, officers or employees of the Supreme Court, or to persons appointed to the Secretariat Staff of either House of Parliament or the Secretariat staff of State/Union Territory Legislatures.
- Composition of the CAT: A Chairman who has been a sitting or retired Judge of a High Court heads the Central Administrative Tribunal. Besides the Chairman, the authorized strength consists of 16 Vice-Chairmen and 49 Members.
Related Case Law / Related Cases
- L Chandra Kumar vs Union of India, AIR 1997 SC 1125: In regard to tribunals, The Supreme Court of India held that the clause of Article 323A that excludes the jurisdiction of High Courts and Supreme Court under Articles 226 / 227 and 32 of the Constitution of India is unconstitutional.
- Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan v Subash Sharma, (2002) 4 SCC 145: CAT has jurisdiction over service matters of Kendriya Vidyalaya employees.
- March 19, 2015: Mergers of National Tribunals
- March 15, 2013: CAT urged to imrove its Efficiency Propasals to Amend CAT Act under Cosideration says Narayansamy