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ACT Criminal Code 2002

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Contents

CHAPTER 1--PRELIMINARY

  • 1. Name of Act
  • 3. Dictionary
  • 4. Notes
  • 5. Codification

CHAPTER 2--GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY

PART 2.1--PURPOSE AND APPLICATION--CH 2

  • 6. Purpose—ch 2
  • 7. Application—ch 2
  • 8. Delayed application of ch 2 to certain offences
  • 10. Definitions—applied provisions and default application date

PART 2.2--THE ELEMENTS OF AN OFFENCE

Division 2.2.1--General—pt 2.2

  • 11. Elements
  • 12. Establishing guilt of offences

Division 2.2.2--Physical elements

  • 13. Definitions—conduct and engage in conduct
  • 14. Physical elements
  • 15. Voluntariness
  • 16. Omissions

Division 2.2.3--Fault elements

  • 17. Fault elements
  • 18. Intention
  • 19. Knowledge
  • 20. Recklessness
  • 21. Negligence
  • 22. Offences that do not provide fault elements

Division 2.2.4--Cases where fault elements are not required

  • 23. Strict liability
  • 24. Absolute liability

PART 2.3--CIRCUMSTANCES WHERE THERE IS NO CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY

Division 2.3.1--Lack of capacity—children

  • 25. Children under 10
  • 26. Children 10 and over but under 14

Division 2.3.2--Lack of capacity—mental impairment

  • 27. Definition—mental impairment
  • 28. Mental impairment and criminal responsibility
  • 29. Mental impairment and other defences

Division 2.3.3--Intoxication

  • 30. Intoxication—interpretation
  • 31. Intoxication—offences involving basic intent
  • 32. Intoxication—negligence as fault element
  • 33. Intoxication—relevance to defences
  • 34. Involuntary intoxication

Division 2.3.4--Mistake and ignorance

  • 35. Mistake or ignorance of fact—fault elements other than
  • 36. Mistake of fact—strict liability
  • 38. Claim of right

Division 2.3.5--External factors

  • 39. Intervening conduct or event
  • 40. Duress
  • 41. Sudden or extraordinary emergency
  • 42. Self-defence
  • 43. Lawful authority

Division 2.3.6--Lawful purpose

  • 43A. Lawful possession

PART 2.4--EXTENSIONS OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY

  • 44. Attempt
  • 45. Complicity and common purpose
  • 45A. Joint commission
  • 46. Commission by proxy
  • 47. Incitement
  • 48. Conspiracy

PART 2.5--CORPORATE CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY

  • 49. General principles
  • 50. Physical elements
  • 51. Corporation—fault elements other than negligence
  • 52. Corporation—negligence
  • 53. Corporation—mistake of fact—strict liability
  • 54. Corporation—intervening conduct or event
  • 55. Evidence of negligence or failure to exercise appropriate diligence

PART 2.6--PROOF OF CRIMINAL RESPONSIBILITY

  • 56. Legal burden of proof—prosecution
  • 57. Standard of proof—prosecution
  • 58. Evidential burden of proof—defence
  • 59. Legal burden of proof—defence
  • 60. Standard of proof—defence
  • 61. Use of averments

PART 2.7--GEOGRAPHICAL APPLICATION

  • 62. Application and effect—pt 2.7
  • 63. Interpretation—pt 2.7
  • 64. Extension of offences if required geographical nexus exists
  • 65. Geographical application—double criminality
  • 66. Geographical application—procedure
  • 67. Geographical application—suspicion etc that offence committed

CHAPTER 3--THEFT, FRAUD, BRIBERY AND RELATED OFFENCES

PART 3.1--INTERPRETATION FOR CH 3

  • 300. Definitions—ch 3
  • 301. Person to whom property belongs for ch 3
  • 302. Dishonesty a matter for trier of fact

PART 3.2--THEFT AND RELATED OFFENCES

Division 3.2.1--Interpretation for pt 3.2

  • 303. Dishonesty for pt 3.2
  • 304. Appropriation of property for pt 3.2
  • 305. Person to whom property belongs for pt 3.2
  • 306. Intention of permanently depriving for pt 3.2
  • 307. General deficiency

Division 3.2.2--Indictable offences for pt 3.2

  • 308. Theft
  • 309. Robbery
  • 310. Aggravated robbery
  • 311. Burglary
  • 312. Aggravated burglary
  • 313. Receiving
  • 314. Receiving—meaning of stolen property
  • 315. Going equipped for theft etc
  • 316. Going equipped with offensive weapon for theft etc
  • 318. Taking etc motor vehicle without consent

Division 3.2.3--Summary offences for pt 3.2

  • 319. Dishonestly taking territory property
  • 320. Dishonestly retaining territory property
  • 321. Minor theft
  • 322. Removal of articles on public exhibition
  • 322A. Making off without payment
  • 323. Making off without payment—minor offence
  • 324. Unlawful possession of stolen property

PART 3.3--FRAUDULENT CONDUCT

Division 3.3.1--Interpretation for pt 3.3

  • 325. Definitions—pt 3.3

Division 3.3.2--Obtaining property by deception

  • 326. Obtaining property by deception
  • 327. Dishonesty for div 3.3.2
  • 328. Meaning of obtains for div 3.3.2
  • 329. Intention of permanently depriving—div 3.3.2
  • 330. Money transfers
  • 331. General deficiency for div 3.3.2

Division 3.3.3--Other indictable offences for pt 3.3

  • 332. Obtaining financial advantage by deception
  • 333. General dishonesty
  • 334. Conspiracy to defraud

Division 3.3.4--Summary offences for pt 3.3

  • 335. Obtaining financial advantage from the Territory
  • 336. Passing valueless cheques

PART 3.4--FALSE OR MISLEADING STATEMENTS, INFORMATION AND DOCUMENTS

  • 336A. Making false statements on oath or in statutory declarations
  • 337. Making false or misleading statements
  • 338. Giving false or misleading information
  • 339. Producing false or misleading documents

PART 3.5--BLACKMAIL

  • 340. Meaning of menace for pt 3.5
  • 341. Meaning of unwarranted demand with a menace for pt 3.5
  • 342. Blackmail

PART 3.6--FORGERY AND RELATED OFFENCES

Division 3.6.1--Interpretation for pt 3.6

  • 343. Definitions—pt 3.6
  • 344. Meaning of false document etc for pt 3.6
  • 345. Inducing acceptance that document genuine

Division 3.6.2--Offences for pt 3.6

  • 346. Forgery
  • 347. Using false document
  • 348. Possessing false document
  • 349. Making or possessing device etc for making false document
  • 350. False accounting
  • 351. False statement by officer of body

PART 3.7--BRIBERY AND RELATED OFFENCES

Division 3.7.1--Interpretation for pt 3.7

  • 352. Definitions—pt 3.7
  • 353. Meaning of agent and principal for pt 3.7
  • 354. Dishonesty for pt 3.7
  • 355. Meaning of obtain for pt 3.7

Division 3.7.2--Offences for pt 3.7

  • 356. Bribery
  • 357. Other corrupting benefits
  • 358. Payola
  • 359. Abuse of public office

PART 3.8--IMPERSONATION OR OBSTRUCTION OF TERRITORY PUBLIC OFFICIALS

  • 360. Impersonating territory public official
  • 361. Obstructing territory public official
  • 362. Impersonating police officer
  • 363. Obstructing territory official—minor offence

PART 3.8A--CHEATING AT GAMBLING

Division 3.8A--.1 Interpretation—pt 3.8A

  • 363A. Definitions—pt 3.8A
  • 363B. Meaning of cause—pt 3.8A
  • 363C. Meaning of corrupts a betting outcome—pt 3.8A
  • 363D. Meaning of obtain—pt 3.8A
  • 363E. Proof of certain matters not required for offences against part

Division 3.8A--.2 Offences—pt 3.8A

  • 363F. Conduct that corrupts betting outcome
  • 363G. Bet with information about corrupt betting outcome
  • 363H. Bet with inside information

PART 3.9--PROCEDURAL MATTERS FOR CH 3

Division 3.9.1--General—pt 3.9

  • 364. Stolen property held by dealers etc—owners rights
  • 365. Stolen property held by police—disposal
  • 366. Procedure and evidence—theft, receiving etc
  • 367. Certain proceedings not to be heard together
  • 368. Indictment for offence relating to deeds, money etc
  • 369. Theft of motor vehicle—cancellation of licence

Division 3.9.2--Alternative verdicts—ch 3

  • 370. Alternative verdicts—theft and taking motor vehicle without consent
  • 371. Alternative verdicts—theft or obtaining property by deception and
  • 372. Alternative verdicts—theft and obtaining property by deception
  • 373. Verdict of ‘theft or receiving' etc
  • 374. Alternative verdicts—making false or misleading statements

Division 3.9.3--Forfeiture—ch 3

  • 375. Going equipped offences—forfeiture
  • 376. Unlawful possession offence—forfeiture
  • 377. Unlawful possession offence—disposal of forfeited property by public trustee
  • 378. Unlawful possession offence—return of or compensation for forfeited property
  • 379. Forgery offences—forfeiture

CHAPTER 4--PROPERTY DAMAGE AND COMPUTER OFFENCES

PART 4.1--PROPERTY DAMAGE OFFENCES

Division 4.1.1--Interpretation for pt 4.1

  • 400. Definitions—pt 4.1
  • 401. Person to whom property belongs
  • 402. Meaning of threat for pt 4.1

Division 4.1.2--Offences—pt 4.1

  • 403. Damaging property
  • 404. Arson
  • 405. Causing bushfires
  • 406. Threat to cause property damage—fear of death or serious
  • 407. Threat to cause property damage
  • 408. Possession of thing with intent to damage property

Division 4.1.3--Defences—pt 4.1

  • 409. Consent—pt 4.1 offences
  • 410. Claim of right—pt 4.1 offences
  • 411. Self-defence

PART 4.2--COMPUTER OFFENCES

  • 412. Definitions—pt 4.2
  • 413. Limited meaning of access to data etc
  • 414. Meaning of unauthorised access, modification or impairment
  • 415. Unauthorised access, modification or impairment with intent to commit serious
  • 416. Unauthorised modification of data to cause impairment
  • 417. Unauthorised impairment of electronic communication
  • 418. Possession of data with intent to commit serious computer offence
  • 419. Producing, supplying or obtaining data with intent to commit serious computer
  • 420. Unauthorised access to or modification of restricted data held in
  • 421. Unauthorised impairment of data held in computer disc, credit card etc

PART 4.3--SABOTAGE

  • 422. Definitions—pt 4.3
  • 423. Sabotage
  • 424. Threaten sabotage

CHAPTER 6--SERIOUS DRUG OFFENCES

PART 6.1--INTERPRETATION FOR CH 6

  • 600. Definitions—ch 6
  • 601. Meaning of trafficable quantity, commercial quantity and large

PART 6.2--TRAFFICKING IN CONTROLLED DRUGS

  • 602. Meaning of trafficking
  • 603. Trafficking in controlled drug
  • 604. Trafficking offence—presumption if trafficable quantity possessed
  • 605. Complicity, incitement and conspiracy offences do not apply to buyers of

PART 6.3--MANUFACTURING CONTROLLED DRUGS AND PRECURSORS

  • 606. Meaning of manufacture
  • 607. Manufacturing controlled drug for selling
  • 608. Manufacturing offence—presumption if trafficable quantity
  • 609. Manufacturing controlled drug
  • 610. Selling controlled precursor for manufacture of controlled drug
  • 611. Manufacturing controlled precursor for manufacture of controlled drug
  • 612. Possessing controlled precursor
  • 612A. Possessing offence—presumption if controlled precursor possessed to manufacture
  • 613. Supplying substance, equipment or instructions for manufacturing controlled
  • 614. Possessing substance, equipment or instructions for manufacturing controlled
  • 614A. Possessing tablet press

PART 6.4--CULTIVATING CONTROLLED PLANTS

  • 615. Meaning of cultivate
  • 616. Cultivating controlled plant for selling
  • 617. Cultivating offence—presumption if trafficable quantity
  • 618. Cultivating controlled plant
  • 619. Selling controlled plant
  • 620. Supplying plant material, equipment or instructions for cultivating controlled
  • 621. Possessing plant material, equipment or instructions for cultivating controlled

PART 6.5--DRUG OFFENCES INVOLVING CHILDREN

  • 622. Supplying controlled drug to child for selling
  • 623. Supplying offence—presumption if trafficable quantity supplied
  • 624. Procuring child to traffic in controlled drug
  • 625. Supplying controlled drug to child
  • 626. Children not criminally responsible for offences against pt 6.5

PART 6.6--GENERAL PROVISIONS FOR DRUG OFFENCES

  • 627. Application—pt 6.6
  • 628. Carrying on business of trafficking
  • 629. Single offence for trafficking etc on different occasions
  • 630. Single offence for different parcels trafficked etc on the same
  • 631. Single offence—working out quantities if different kinds of controlled drug etc
  • 632. Knowledge or recklessness about identity of controlled drugs, plants and
  • 633. Alternative verdicts—mistaken belief about identity of controlled drug, precursor or
  • 634. Alternative verdicts—mistaken belief about quantity of controlled drug, precursor or
  • 635. Alternative verdicts—different quantities
  • 636. Alternative verdicts—trafficking and obtaining property by
  • 636A. Alternative verdicts—trafficking in or possessing controlled drug

PART 6.7--OFFENCES RELATING TO PROPERTY DERIVED FROM DRUG OFFENCES

  • 637. Meaning of drug offence
  • 638. Property directly or indirectly derived from drug offence
  • 639. Concealing etc property derived from drug offence
  • 640. Receiving property directly derived from drug offence

CHAPTER 6A--PARTICIPATION IN CRIMINAL GROUPS

  • 650. Meaning of criminal activity—ch 6A
  • 651. Meaning of criminal group—ch 6A
  • 652. Participating in a criminal group
  • 653. Participating in a criminal group—causing harm
  • 654. Participating in a criminal group—property damage
  • 655. Recruiting people to engage in criminal activity

CHAPTER 7--ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE OFFENCES

PART 7.1--INTERPRETATION FOR CH 7

  • 700. Definitions—ch 7
  • 701. Meaning of legal proceeding for ch 7

PART 7.2--INDICTABLE OFFENCES FOR CH 7

Division 7.2.1--Perjury

  • 702. Aggravated perjury
  • 703. Perjury
  • 704. Additional provisions about perjury or aggravated perjury

Division 7.2.2--Falsifying, destroying or concealing evidence

  • 705. Making or using false evidence
  • 706. Destroying or concealing evidence

Division 7.2.3--Protection of people involved in legal proceedings

  • 707. Corruption in relation to legal proceedings
  • 708. Deceiving witness, interpreter or juror
  • 709. Threatening etc witness, interpreter or juror
  • 709A. Threatening etc participant in criminal investigation
  • 710. Preventing attendance etc of witness, interpreter or juror
  • 711. Preventing production of thing in evidence
  • 712. Reprisal against person involved in proceeding
  • 712A. Publishing identifying information about childrens proceedings

Division 7.2.4--Perverting the course of justice and related offences

  • 713. Perverting the course of justice
  • 714. Publication that could cause miscarriage of justice
  • 715. False accusation of offence
  • 716. Compounding of offence
  • 717. Accessory after the fact

PART 7.3--SUMMARY OFFENCES FOR CH 7

  • 718. Pleading guilty in another's name
  • 719. Failing to attend
  • 720. Failing to produce document or other thing
  • 721. Failing to take oath
  • 722. Failing to answer question or give information
  • 723. Making etc false or misleading statements in legal proceeding
  • 724. Obstructing etc legal proceeding
  • 725. Obstructing or hindering investigation

PART 7.4--PROCEDURAL MATTERS FOR CH 7

  • 726. Consent required for certain prosecutions
  • 727. Alternative verdicts—aggravated perjury and perjury
  • 728. Alternative verdicts—perverting the course of justice and publication that could cause

CHAPTER 8--MISCELLANEOUS

  • 800. Regulation-making power

DICTIONARY

ENDNOTES

Related Legislation / Acts

  • Australian Crime Commission (ACT) Act 2003
  • ACT Bail Act 1992
  • ACT Crime Prevention Powers Act 1998
  • ACT Crimes (Assumed Identities) Act 2009
  • ACT Crimes (Child Sex Offenders) Act 2005
  • ACT Crimes (Controlled Operations) Act 2008
  • ACT Crimes (Forensic Procedures) Act 2000
  • ACT Crimes (Protection of Witness Identity) Act 2011
  • ACT Crimes (Restorative Justice) Act 2004
  • ACT Crimes (Sentence Administration) Act 2005
  • ACT Crimes (Sentencing) Act 2005
  • ACT Crimes (Surveillance Devices) Act 2010
  • ACT Crimes Act 1900
  • ACT Criminal and Civil Justice Act 1351 25 edw 3 st 5 c 4